Iron Age on the Northumberland Coastal Plain: excavations in advance of development 2002-2010
Product code: 9780905974903
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Iron Age on the Northumberland Coastal Plain: excavations in advance of development 2002-2010The Iron Age on the Northumberland Coastal Plain: excavations in advance of development 2002-2010 by Nick Hodgson, Jonathan McKelvey and Warren Muncaster
The rectilinear Iron Age settlements of the Northumberland coastal plain immediately north of Hadrian's Wall have seen little research since the pioneering work of George Jobey in the 1960s and 1970s, but developer-funded archaeology has now offered opportunities for much more extensive work. This book reports on three Iron Age earthwork-enclosure complexes (at Blagdon Park 2, East Brunton and West Brunton), excavated in 2002-8 in advance of surface mining and developments at Newcastle Great Park. As well as these three settlements several lesser and unenclosed sites and pit alignments are described, giving the most complete sample so far of the Iron Age landscape in this area.
Over 60 radiocarbon dates, reported and discussed in detail, allow the chronology of the settlements to be much more closely understood than before. The scientific dates suggest that the earthwork-enclosures were formed around 200 BC as the latest phases on roundhouse settlements continuously occupied since the late Bronze Age, when the landscape was already subdivided by pit-defined boundaries. In the chronology of these developments lowland Northumberland and Tyne and Wear can now be seen to mirror the Iron Age of much of eastern England between Yorkshire and the Wash. But the new evidence suggests that Hadrian's Wall had a much more drastic impact on the indigenous population than previously thought. All of the sites reported here were abandoned by the second-century AD, and probably not long after the Wall was built. It is argued that rather than regulating the economic movements of its northern neighbours, on the Northumberland coastal plain the presence of Hadrian's Wall brought an agrarian civilisation of long standing to an end.
Format: A4 , xii + 232 pages. 107 illustrations, some colour
Authors: Nick Hodgson, Jonathan McKelvey and Warren Muncaster
Publisher: Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums.
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